Facts:

The Atlantic Rainforest, also referred to as the Mother Forest” of the Brazilian nation, stretches approximately for 2610 miles (4200 km) along the entire Atlantic coast of Brazil, covering 14 states from Rio Grande do Norte to Rio Grande do Sul and inland up to the mountains. In the past, during the times of Portuguese colonization, the Atlantic Rainforest covered 85% of the territory of Brazil, which equaled to two times the size of the territory of France. At present, 92% of the forest has vanished due to progressive deforestation. The remnants of the Atlantic Rainforest today cover only 7.3% of the original area.  

Original Area:

498,337mi² (318,935,680 acres) = 15% of the Brazilian territory

Remaining area:

7.3% approximately 36,294 mi² (23,227,904 acres)

World's richest source in arboreal species

The Atlantic Rainforest is considered the world richest source in arboreal species and houses different classes of forests: tropical moist broadleaf found in the coastal plains, and tropical semi-deciduous found further inland. In the much cooler southern region of Brazil the forest is interspersed by Araucaria pines, reaching the height of up to 100ft. The Atlantic Forest is characterized by a high plant and animal biodiversity and species only found in this habitat and not found anywhere else.

Plants:

More than 10.000 species, 50% endemic

Fauna:

Approximately 1.600.000 species, including insects

Mammals:

261 species, 160 endemic

Birds:

620 species, 160 endemic

Amphibians:

260 species, 128 endemic  

Arboreal species:

The world richest forest in tree species, it regulates the climate, temperature, humidity and rain. Holds world’s record in arboreal species, 454 in the south of Bahia and 476 in Espirito Santo.
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